## TriCG

Krylov.tricgFunction
(x, y, stats) = tricg(A, b::AbstractVector{FC}, c::AbstractVector{FC};
M=I, N=I, ldiv::Bool=false,
spd::Bool=false, snd::Bool=false,
flip::Bool=false, τ::T=one(T),
ν::T=-one(T), atol::T=√eps(T),
rtol::T=√eps(T), itmax::Int=0,
timemax::Float64=Inf, verbose::Int=0, history::Bool=false,
callback=solver->false, iostream::IO=kstdout)

T is an AbstractFloat such as Float32, Float64 or BigFloat. FC is T or Complex{T}.

(x, y, stats) = tricg(A, b, c, x0::AbstractVector, y0::AbstractVector; kwargs...)

TriCG can be warm-started from initial guesses x0 and y0 where kwargs are the same keyword arguments as above.

Given a matrix A of dimension m × n, TriCG solves the Hermitian linear system

[ τE    A ] [ x ] = [ b ]
[  Aᴴ  νF ] [ y ]   [ c ],

of size (n+m) × (n+m) where τ and ν are real numbers, E = M⁻¹ ≻ 0 and F = N⁻¹ ≻ 0. b and c must both be nonzero. TriCG could breakdown if τ = 0 or ν = 0. It's recommended to use TriMR in these cases.

By default, TriCG solves Hermitian and quasi-definite linear systems with τ = 1 and ν = -1.

TriCG is based on the preconditioned orthogonal tridiagonalization process and its relation with the preconditioned block-Lanczos process.

[ M   0 ]
[ 0   N ]

indicates the weighted norm in which residuals are measured. It's the Euclidean norm when M and N are identity operators.

TriCG stops when itmax iterations are reached or when ‖rₖ‖ ≤ atol + ‖r₀‖ * rtol. atol is an absolute tolerance and rtol is a relative tolerance.

Input arguments

• A: a linear operator that models a matrix of dimension m × n;
• b: a vector of length m;
• c: a vector of length n.

Optional arguments

• x0: a vector of length m that represents an initial guess of the solution x;
• y0: a vector of length n that represents an initial guess of the solution y.

Keyword arguments

• M: linear operator that models a Hermitian positive-definite matrix of size m used for centered preconditioning of the partitioned system;
• N: linear operator that models a Hermitian positive-definite matrix of size n used for centered preconditioning of the partitioned system;
• ldiv: define whether the preconditioners use ldiv! or mul!;
• spd: if true, set τ = 1 and ν = 1 for Hermitian and positive-definite linear system;
• snd: if true, set τ = -1 and ν = -1 for Hermitian and negative-definite linear systems;
• flip: if true, set τ = -1 and ν = 1 for another known variant of Hermitian quasi-definite systems;
• τ and ν: diagonal scaling factors of the partitioned Hermitian linear system;
• atol: absolute stopping tolerance based on the residual norm;
• rtol: relative stopping tolerance based on the residual norm;
• itmax: the maximum number of iterations. If itmax=0, the default number of iterations is set to m+n;
• timemax: the time limit in seconds;
• verbose: additional details can be displayed if verbose mode is enabled (verbose > 0). Information will be displayed every verbose iterations;
• history: collect additional statistics on the run such as residual norms, or Aᴴ-residual norms;
• callback: function or functor called as callback(solver) that returns true if the Krylov method should terminate, and false otherwise;
• iostream: stream to which output is logged.

Output arguments

• x: a dense vector of length m;
• y: a dense vector of length n;
• stats: statistics collected on the run in a SimpleStats structure.

Reference

source

## TriMR

Krylov.trimrFunction
(x, y, stats) = trimr(A, b::AbstractVector{FC}, c::AbstractVector{FC};
M=I, N=I, ldiv::Bool=false,
spd::Bool=false, snd::Bool=false,
flip::Bool=false, sp::Bool=false,
τ::T=one(T), ν::T=-one(T), atol::T=√eps(T),
rtol::T=√eps(T), itmax::Int=0,
timemax::Float64=Inf, verbose::Int=0, history::Bool=false,
callback=solver->false, iostream::IO=kstdout)

T is an AbstractFloat such as Float32, Float64 or BigFloat. FC is T or Complex{T}.

(x, y, stats) = trimr(A, b, c, x0::AbstractVector, y0::AbstractVector; kwargs...)

TriMR can be warm-started from initial guesses x0 and y0 where kwargs are the same keyword arguments as above.

Given a matrix A of dimension m × n, TriMR solves the symmetric linear system

[ τE    A ] [ x ] = [ b ]
[  Aᴴ  νF ] [ y ]   [ c ],

of size (n+m) × (n+m) where τ and ν are real numbers, E = M⁻¹ ≻ 0, F = N⁻¹ ≻ 0. b and c must both be nonzero. TriMR handles saddle-point systems (τ = 0 or ν = 0) and adjoint systems (τ = 0 and ν = 0) without any risk of breakdown.

By default, TriMR solves symmetric and quasi-definite linear systems with τ = 1 and ν = -1.

TriMR is based on the preconditioned orthogonal tridiagonalization process and its relation with the preconditioned block-Lanczos process.

[ M   0 ]
[ 0   N ]

indicates the weighted norm in which residuals are measured. It's the Euclidean norm when M and N are identity operators.

TriMR stops when itmax iterations are reached or when ‖rₖ‖ ≤ atol + ‖r₀‖ * rtol. atol is an absolute tolerance and rtol is a relative tolerance.

Input arguments

• A: a linear operator that models a matrix of dimension m × n;
• b: a vector of length m;
• c: a vector of length n.

Optional arguments

• x0: a vector of length m that represents an initial guess of the solution x;
• y0: a vector of length n that represents an initial guess of the solution y.

Keyword arguments

• M: linear operator that models a Hermitian positive-definite matrix of size m used for centered preconditioning of the partitioned system;
• N: linear operator that models a Hermitian positive-definite matrix of size n used for centered preconditioning of the partitioned system;
• ldiv: define whether the preconditioners use ldiv! or mul!;
• spd: if true, set τ = 1 and ν = 1 for Hermitian and positive-definite linear system;
• snd: if true, set τ = -1 and ν = -1 for Hermitian and negative-definite linear systems;
• flip: if true, set τ = -1 and ν = 1 for another known variant of Hermitian quasi-definite systems;
• sp: if true, set τ = 1 and ν = 0 for saddle-point systems;
• τ and ν: diagonal scaling factors of the partitioned Hermitian linear system;
• atol: absolute stopping tolerance based on the residual norm;
• rtol: relative stopping tolerance based on the residual norm;
• itmax: the maximum number of iterations. If itmax=0, the default number of iterations is set to m+n;
• timemax: the time limit in seconds;
• verbose: additional details can be displayed if verbose mode is enabled (verbose > 0). Information will be displayed every verbose iterations;
• history: collect additional statistics on the run such as residual norms, or Aᴴ-residual norms;
• callback: function or functor called as callback(solver) that returns true if the Krylov method should terminate, and false otherwise;
• iostream: stream to which output is logged.

Output arguments

• x: a dense vector of length m;
• y: a dense vector of length n;
• stats: statistics collected on the run in a SimpleStats structure.

Reference

source